35. "There are Orders over which a Black Flag is flying…."
All sessions in this series require a Data projector and speakers
In 1956, on the first day of the Sinai campaign, curfew was ordered over Arab Israeli villages. When villagers arrived home, a few minutes after the hour the curfew had begun, soldiers were ordered to shot them and had obeyed. 49 Arab citizens of Israel were killed that evening in Kafr Qassim.
When information about the disaster became public, the commanders, who had given the order as well as the soldiers who had obeyed them were tried and found guilty. Our session will explore the literary reactions to the case and the trial that had followed. The session will close with a study of the impact of the Kfar Qassim verdict on the code of ethics of the IDF.